Free E-Journals


Borobudur This unit focuses on the nature of landscapes and the forces, processes, and factors which shape them physically, as well as people’s perceptions and use of them. The unit examines, at a variety of scales, how landscapes fundamentally affect the ways in which people live and also how landscapes are modified and managed. The unit is structured to be compatible with the Super 6 literacy strategies, specifically predicting, monitoring, and summarising strategies.

Urban India – a geographical tools investigation

Urban India Asia is experiencing high rates of urbanisation especially cities in China and India. In the 1990s India’s population grew by 23% but faster growth was experienced in the main cities. Delhi grew by 70%, Bangalore 38%, and Mumbai by 21%. Cities are chronically overcrowded and traffic jams are common. Of India’s 300 million urban dwellers 100 million live in slums without access to clean water, sanitation, and power. However, Indian cities, such as Mumbai, are linked to the rest of the world through finance, tourism, trade, culture, technology, aid, and international agreements.

Spirituality of Water

Spirituality of water The economic, cultural, spiritual, and aesthetic value of water for people, including peoples of the Asia region (ACHGK041) Water is central to the lives of people living in India as it provides essential services such as irrigation for crops, drinking water, hydroelectricity, and transport as well as supports aquatic ecosystems. When meandering rivers drop alluvium on the plains during floods, they produce fertile soils which contribute to an increase in agricultural productivity and extra crops to feed the 1.2 billion people. However, these floods cause death, landslides, and damage to properties.

Flood mitigation in Tokyo

Flood mitigation in Tokyo Tokyo is Japan’s capital city and is home to some 35 million people, 28% of the total population of Japan. The Region is located on an alluvial floodplain with Tokyo Bay on one side (1.5 .million Tokyo residents live below sea level). There are eight major rivers that flow through the Tokyo Basin including the Sumida River: the whole area is prone to flooding.

Palm oil production in South-east Asia

The impact of palm oil production in South-east Asia It's a jungle out there This study guide will focus on the impacts of Palm Oil production in Indonesia and Malaysia. Palm Oil has been hailed as the great saviour of the human race as it scrambles to find an alternative to fossil fuels yet, at the same time has been blamed for the deforestation and habitat destruction of vast swathes of rainforest throughout the region. The study guide has been designed to demonstrate the importance of sustainability, deforestation, habitat destruction and loss of biodiversity using the impacts of Palm Oil production as its primary case study.

Human Wellbeing – Spatial variations in China

Human Wellbeing in China Despite the slowing economy in 2015, China plays a crucial role in the development of the Asia region as it is one of the fastest growing economies. The ‘old’ China of low value energy intensive industries located along the eastern coast has been declining. It is being replaced by the manufacture of higher value goods located in inland western provinces. A rapidly emerging middle class and recent relaxation of the One Child Policy will alter the country socially and reforms towards a market economy will change the country financially. Additionally its recent proactive engagement with other countries aims to strengthen its role as a global superpower  

Unsustainable Fishing

Unsustainable Fishing Imagine the world without fish? About 60 years ago seas were fished to a depth of 50 metres, however with advanced technology such as the Geographical Information System (GIS) and super trawlers with deep sea long-line fishing equipment, oceans are now fished to depths of over 200 metres. The World Bank’s Director of Agriculture and Environmental Services, Juergen Voegele, said that ‘supplying fish sustainably — producing it without depleting productive natural resources and without damaging the precious aquatic environment — is a huge challenge.’